تأثیر تغذیه گیاه مادری بر جذب برخی عناصر غذایی، فعالیت آنزیمی و شاخص‌های جوانه‌زنی بذر انیسون (Pimpinella anisun L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت دانشگاه یاسوج

2 استادیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات دانشگاه یاسوج

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی شاخص‌های جوانه‌زنی بذرهای برداشت شده از گیاه مادری انیسون تحت تیمارهای مختلف کودی، آزمایشی به صورت طرح کاملا تصادفی با 17 تیمار و 4 تکرار در آزمایشگاه بذر دانشگاه یاسوج اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی مزرعه برای گیاه مادری شامل ورمی‌کمپوست در 3 سطح (صفر، 5 و 10 تن در هکتار)، بارور یک (تثبیت-کننده زیستی نیتروژن)، بارور دو (حل کننده فسفات)، بارور یک و دو، ورمی‌کمپوست 5/2 تن+ بارور1، ورمی‌کمپوست 5/2 تن+ بارور2، ورمی‌کمپوست 5/2 تن+ بارور1 و 2، ورمی‌کمپوست 5 تن+ بارور1، ورمی‌کمپوست 5 تن+ بارور2، ورمی‌کمپوست 5 تن+ بارور 1 و 2، ورمی‌کمپوست 5/7 تن+ بارور1، ورمی‌کمپوست 5/7 تن+ بارور2، ورمی-کمپوست 5/7 تن+ بارور 1 و 2، نانو کود زیستی و کود اوره بودند. صفات مورد اندازه‌گیری شامل پروتئین محلول بذر، آلفاآمیلاز، درصد جوانه‌زنی، سرعت جوانه‌زنی، طول گیاهچه، وزن خشک گیاهچه، بنیه طولی و بنیه وزنی بود. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین درصد جوانه‌زنی (92 درصد) و سرعت جوانه‌زنی (07/2 عدد بذر در روز) در تیمار کود اوره بدست آمد. بیشترین شاخص بنیه گیاهچه (طولی) در تیمار تلفیقی استفاده از ورمی‌کمپوست 5/7 تن+ بارور یک و دو به مقدار (73/9) مشاهده شد که از لحاظ آماری اختلاف معنی‌‌داری با تیمار کود اوره (71/9) نداشت. بیشترین مقدار فعالیت آلفا آمیلاز در تیمار کود اوره و ورمی‌کمپوست 5/7 تن+ بارور یک و دو و کمترین آن در تیمار شاهد مشاهده شد.

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